Nosocomial Infections; Hospitals Making it Worse

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Filling up a hospital admission form, you hope to recover from whatever your body is suffering from! Be it a life-threatening disease, an accident, some kind of trauma or anything else, you look forward to feeling better in a few days. But do you know how many infections the very hospital can give you as well? Of course, it receives hundreds of patients every day, out of which some can carry bacteria and viruses with them that can pass on. Besides, some infections can also be transmitted through hospital equipment and health care professionals themselves. These hospital transmitted infections are called nosocomial infections and can seriously affect your body if left untreated. Here are a few types of nosocomial infections that are commonly found among hospitalized patients. Have a look.

Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia

Ventilators are necessary for medically sedated patients or those who slip into a coma due to their bodily diseases and complications. When someone is intubated, the artificial respiration meddles with the airway defences and cause micro-aspiration of secretions full of bacteria. It ultimately results in Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia (VAP), which takes around 48 hours to manifest after the intubation. It’s the most common kind of Nosocomial infection that occurs in critically ill patients. The symptoms include fever, increased heart rate, increased purulent secretions and changes in respiratory assessments and parameters. Pathogens that are involved in causing this infection include Staphylococcus aureus and gram-negative bacilli. In general, the prognosis is poor and depends upon the comorbidities of the patient.

Central Line-associated Bloodstream Infection (CLABSI)

Usually, patients in a hospital receive medicines through intravenous catheters (IVs) inserted in their arms, hands and in some cases, legs or feet. However, when someone is required to get medicines for a long period of time or when their veins are hard to find due to prolonged hospitalization, a central line is inserted in one of their major veins. It is also called a central venous catheter placed in a large vein near the chest, neck or groin. Now, if any kind of bacteria or viruses enters the bloodstream via the central line, the patient is most likely to suffer from central-line associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI). All health care professionals follow stern precautions while inserting, using and caring for a central line. The symptoms of CLABSI include fever, redness and soreness around the site of insertion. It is highly imperative to keep the line sterile and follow all the practices for its maintenance.

Clostridioides Difficile Infection (CDI)

C. Difficile is one of the common hospital-acquired infections that occur after the use of antibiotics. Clostridioides Difficile is a bacterium that produces toxins and infects the large intestine resulting in diarrhoea. Along with antibiotics, environmental contamination also plays a big role in giving rise to CDI. The symptoms of the infection count in watery stools more than thrice a day, fever, severe abdominal ache, cramping, and blood in the stool. If this condition is left untreated, some extremely serious complications may develop including dehydration, kidney failure, toxic megacolon, bowel perforation, and death.

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